A Complete Guide to the Teacup Pomeranian

by Rosemarie Hardison
teacup pomeranian

Small dog breeds are perfect for people who live in an apartment or have a small backyard in their home. But which breed should you choose? If you want to own a dog that looks like a teddy bear and can basically fit inside your purse, then you need a Teacup Pomeranian in your life!

The Origin of the Teacup Pomeranian

A Teacup Pomeranian is, without a doubt, one of the most adorable dog breeds on the planet. But not many people are aware that this canine species was first bred in Arctic regions for the purpose of becoming sled dogs!

In fact, they’re called Pomeranians since they were initially bred in the Pomerania region. Nowadays, this breed has plenty of cute nicknames, such as:

  • Pocket Pomeranian
  • Miniature or mini Pomeranian
  • Teddy Bear Pomeranian
  • Toy Pomeranian
  • Pom
  • Loulou

One lesser-known fact about this pup is that its ancestors were called Spitz (which means pointed) or Wolfspitz dogs.

The Spitz Dog

spitz dog

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Spitz dogs are typically white domestic dogs with long, thick fur, a pointed muzzle and ears, and a curly or droopy tail. Spitz dogs are accustomed to living in the harsh northern climate since they have a waterproof, insulating undercoat that’s far denser than their topcoat. Ultimately, this is what keeps them warm.

Their small ears are turned upright and are covered with a thick layer of fur that helps reduce the risk of frostbite. Furthermore, their paws are covered in the same thick fur, which protects your pup from getting hurt.

Other Spitz breeds include the Akita and Chow Chow, both of which have characteristically wolf-like features. Not only that, but both breeds are highly independent and aggressive towards strangers, which, luckily, is not the case with Pomeranians.

How Big Can a Teacup Pomeranian Get?

how big can a teacup pomeranian get

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The hype of owning a Pomeranian was at its highest in the 1800s. In fact, it was Queen Victoria who made this breed become so desirable, as she owned her very own Pom during her reign.

Queen Victoria’s Pom weighed about 30 lbs, which is the standard size for these pups. However, a Teacup Pomeranian is much smaller than a regular one. In fact, the standard weight for a Teacup Pom is up to 10 lbs, typically 3 lbs ㅡ 7 lbs. But why do they remain so small?

How Are Teacup Pomeranians Bred?

Namely, there are three standard ways to breed a Teacup Pomeranian:

  1. Introducing the dwarfism gene into the gene pool
  2. Breeding a Pomeranian with a smaller breed
  3. Inbreeding from runts of a litter

When breeders introduce dwarfism into the gene pool, the Pom pups will naturally be born small. Alternately, when they choose to breed a Pomenarian with a dog of a smaller breed, the puppies will also be tiny.

However, the worst method of breeding is inbreeding from runts of a litter, which is how some unethical breeders tend to operate. The problem with this method is that, as soon as they’re born, runts are weak and unhealthy pups. Breeding unhealthy pups will ultimately result in inherited genetic health issues in their offspring.

But that’s not the worst of it. Some breeders choose to purposefully stunt the puppies’ growth by denying them food. Overall, if you’re on the market for a Teacup Pomeranian, make sure to check out the breeding information beforehand.

Teacup Pomeranian: Temperament

Teacup Pomeranians may be small, but their personalities are anything but! These tiny furballs are full of life and love to play every chance they get. More importantly, they’re incredibly brave, and will often forget their own size when it comes to facing up to larger breeds.

Teacup Poms can also be incredibly feisty towards strangers, which is why they tend to bark like crazy when they meet someone new. Luckily, you can easily manage this behavior by socializing your Teacup Pomeranian with humans as well as with other dogs.

Just make sure to take some precautions before allowing your dog to approach other canines, especially if they’re bigger than your pup.

Teacup Pomeranian: Physical Characteristics

The main reason people love this breed is its adorable appearance. But did you know that there are three types of Poms you can differentiate according to their head shape?

  1. The teddy bear Pom acquired its name thanks to its small, round face.
  2. A fox Pom has a fox-like elongated muzzle.
  3. The baby doll Pom has a tiny, doll-like face.

physical characteristics

Every Teacup Pomeranian, regardless of its head shape, has a small body, short legs, and an incredibly thick and luxurious coat. In fact, Poms have double-coated fur on their chest, neck, and shoulder areas, which is what gives them that fluffy adorable look. But what color is their fur?

Teacup Pomeranian: Color

Teacup Poms are basically available in all sorts of colors, some more interesting than others (as you’ll see).

Most Common Colors

The most common colors of Teacup Pomeranians are chocolate brown, black, cream, white, and sable.

  • Chocolate Teacup Pomeranians have a dark-brown pigmentation, whereas
  • Black Teacup Pomeranians are usually pure-bread and will have a black nose, lips, black paws, and even eye rims.
  • Cream Teacup Pomeranians can come in lighter and darker shades of brown.
  • Sable Teacup Pomeranians typically have a brown overcoat with cream/black sable guard hairs.
  • White Teacup Pomeranians are typically pure white, without any shades or marks on their coat.

Less Common Colors

  • Orange Teacup Pomeranians can feature darker or lighter shades of orange.
  • Red Teacup Pomeranians are incredibly rare and can be mistaken for orange Poms depending on the shade of red.

Pros and Cons of Owning a Teacup Pomeranian

Before you decide to buy a Teacup Pomeranian, it’s important to note that, like with all dog breeds, there are some pros and cons you should consider.

Pros of Owning a Teacup Pomeranian

pros of owning a teacup pomeranian

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1. Smart and Easy to Train

It goes without saying that some dogs are more difficult to train than others. Luckily, Teacup Poms are incredibly intelligent dogs that are easy to train. Not only that, but they’re willing to learn everything you have to teach them. All it takes is a bit of patience, and your pet will be able to do virtually anything.

2. Long Lifespan

Everyone wants their pup to live a long and healthy life, so you’ll be glad to know that Teacup Poms have a long lifespan. Ultimately, you can expect your furry companion to live to be 15 years old! Obviously, this will vary from dog to dog, but it’s great news nevertheless.

3. Conveniently Small

If you’ve ever witnessed how difficult it is to pull a large dog such as a German Shepherd or Rottweiler out of a sticky situation, then you’ll know why owning a Teacup Pomeranian is far more convenient.

Although it’s true that these fearless pups will try to tackle dogs that are 10 times their size, it’s easy to just pick up your pup and exit the situation! Not only that, but most stores and coffee shops will allow you to bring in a Pom, whereas owners of larger breeds aren’t as lucky.

4. Cute and Cuddly

One of the most obvious pros of owning a Teacup Pomeranian is that they’re so cute and cuddly! You’d have to have a heart of stone to resist snuggling this adorable creature all day long. What’s more, Poms are happy-go-lucky dogs that always seem to have a smile on their face. Who doesn’t want something to brighten up every second of their day?

Cons of Owning a Teacup Pomeranian

cons of owning a teacup pomeranian

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1. Overly Enthusiastic Watch Dogs

Teacup Pomeranians may look like teddy bears, but they’re surprisingly keen watchdogs. While this may seem like a good trait, the problem is that Poms tend to sound off their alarm every chance they get. Ultimately, your neighbors likely won’t be thrilled if they have to listen to your dog bark like crazy at 3 o’clock in the morning.

2. Persistent and Determined to Get What They Want

Another thing that may not seem like much of a con is the fact that Teacup Poms are incredibly persistent and determined to get what they want. For example, if they see you eating, they’ll immediately try to get you to give up your food.

Since Poms are undeniably adorable, it can be near-impossible to resist handing over your entire plate to your pup. Unfortunately, doing so isn’t healthy in the long run, so it’s important to establish boundaries as soon as possible.

3. Difficult to House -Train

In general, small dogs are far more difficult to house-train, mostly because you probably won’t even notice when they’re leaving a present for you. You likely won’t even see the puddle or surprise your dog until it starts to smell.

Needless to say, once your home starts to smell like a doggy bathroom, your pup will start treating it as such. Ultimately, house-training a Teacup Pom isn’t impossible, it just requires a lot of patience.

4. Extensive Coat Care

Yes, Teacup Poms have stunning coats, but it takes a lot of work to keep them that way. A Poms coat can easily get matted, so you’ll need to brush it out every day. Additionally, this breed tends to shed a lot. In order to minimize fur loss, you should make sure your Pom gets an occasional trimming by a trained professional.

5. Separation Anxiety

Teacup Poms become so attached to their owners that they’re prone to separation anxiety. If you leave your pup alone for several days, you may come back to find it anxious and stressed.

Ultimately, a stressed dog will start acting out and scratching, biting, and chewing anything and everything in its path. While it is possible to correct this type of behavior, the bottom line is that if you’re someone who likes to travel a lot, and you’re not able to take your pet with you, a Teacup Pomeranian isn’t a good fit for you.

The Ultimate Teacup Pomeranian Care Guide

Since Teacup Pomeranians are such delicate pets, there are some things you will need to take into account when caring for your furball. Below is a useful care guide that will help you get a better understanding of this breed’s requirements.

1. Providing the Right Exercise for Your Dog

providing the right exercise for your dog

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Although this breed is quite small like most pup’s it requires plenty of exercise in order to get rid of excess energy, and to stay mentally stimulated. However, it’s crucial to find the right balance of exercise for your pup.

Namely, overexertion can lead to stunted growth, whereas not enough exercise can lead to behavioral issues. So, what can you do to keep your Pom happy and healthy?

Ultimately, if your Pom is still a puppy, you can take it out for exercise 14 days after it gets its final shots. It’s best to let it run around the doggy park, and take it for walks once or twice a day. Playtime, on the other hand, doesn’t have to be limited. Feel free to let your dog spend as much time as it wants in the yard, and play with it as much as you can.

Overall, if you stick to 20-minute walks twice a day, your dog will be happy and healthy. However, if you’re planning on taking your pup somewhere where it will need to walk for more than an hour, you will need to keep a close eye on your pooch in order to prevent it from hyperventilating.

You will likely need to carry it most of the way. Teacup Poms can overheat quite easily, which also leads to hyperventilation.

2. How to Avoid Overheating

how to avoid overheating

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In order to keep your Pom from overheating during the summer, it’s best to take it for walks in the mornings (before 10 AM) and in the evenings (after 5 PM) to avoid the daily heat. Furthermore, make sure your pup has plenty of water to drink before you leave.

Consider purchasing a portable water bowl so you can take it along with you on your walk. Once you leave your home, make sure to stick to the shade as much as possible, and take a few breaks.

In the winter, it may be a good idea to buy a vest or sweater for your pup, since Poms have a low tolerance to the cold. Additionally, this breed has sensitive paws so buying your dog some doggy shoes is always a good idea. But if your pup refuses to wear them, you could opt to buy some paw wax instead, as it’s great for both hot and cold weather conditions.

3. How to Deal With Anxiety Attacks

how to deal with anxiety attacks

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Teacup Pomeranians have a tendency to get overly anxious at times. Although exercise can help manage this, some situations could cause your dog to become anxious. For example, loud sounds or large objects could be a potential trigger.

Since it’s virtually impossible to avoid all these triggers, learning how to manage your dog’s anxiety is the best solution. If you notice that your dog is hyperventilating, or behaving out of character, it’s best to take it home, or even carry it if needed. Once you’re in familiar territory, your pup will likely calm down. But if not, you could also try and massage your dog.

Begin at the neck and work your way down to its tail using long strokes. It’s best to keep one hand on your dog while massaging it with the other. A good massage will help alleviate your pup’s tense muscles and ultimately calm it down.

4. Teacup Pomeranian Dietary Needs

dietary needs

Since Teacup Pomeranians are prone to health problems such as seizures and low blood sugar, keeping an eye on their diet is of the utmost importance.

Your Pom will need high-quality protein from brands such as Wellness CORE, Organix, and Hills. Additionally, the primary source of energy in the food should be fat, so make sure to check the labels before purchasing the food.

5. How to Feed a Teacup Pomeranian

feed a teacup pomeranian

One of the best feeding methods for a Teacup Pomeranian is free feeding. If you’ve never heard of this method, all you need to do is fill your dog’s food bowl in the morning, and leave it out so your dog can choose when to eat.

This method allows your pup to decide whenever it’s full or hungry. Ultimately, this can help keep your dog’s blood sugar from dropping too low during the day.

Another important thing to note is that you should avoid giving your Pom table scraps. Once Teacup Pomeranians develop a taste for human food, they tend to avoid eating dog food. Also, make sure to buy your pup both dry and canned food. Dry food promotes tooth health, while canned food is full of essential proteins your dog needs in order to stay healthy.

On a final note, when purchasing canned food, make sure the meat isn’t too chunky. Some dogs will gulp down their food without chewing, and needless to say, this is a choking hazard.

6. Adding the Right Supplements

adding the right supplements

Supplementation is key for a balanced diet. The best way to supplement your Poms diet is by adding protein-rich foods such as finely chopped liver or chicken. Cottage cheese is also a good choice but in limited amounts.

While your Pom is still a puppy, add up to a tablespoon of supplements. You can slowly increase the supplements as your dog gets older.

Teacup Pomeranian: Common Health Issues

Unfortunately, Teacup Pomeranians are susceptible to some unpleasant health problems. These include:

  • Cryptorchidism is a medical condition that affects only male Teacup Pomeranians where one or both testicles do not descend into the scrotum.
  • Luxating patella occurs when the dog’s kneecap shifts out of alignment. This can happen in one, or both, of the pup’s hind legs, causing the dog to limp.
  • Tracheal collapse is a weakening of the pup’s tracheal rings in the windpipe, which causes the wall of its throat to weaken and collapse.

Black Skin Disease

Unfortunately, Poms are susceptible to a black skin disease which is characterized as symmetrical coat loss in dogs. This hair loss is accompanied by dark pigmentation of the skin in affected areas.

If your Teacup Pomeranian develops this condition, you will need to cover the exposed skin with clothing in order to shield it from cold and hot temperatures. A Poms skin can easily burn, so you will likely need to apply some sunscreen to these areas as well.

This disease consists of several phases. During phase one, your pup will start having patches of odd-looking dry fur on its coat. The first place where Poms tend to lose their fur is in the area around the back legs. Over some time, the patches will get thinner.

During the second phase, your pup’s fur will keep falling out creating completely hairless areas. And finally, during the last stage of the disease, Poms lose the entirety of their fur, and their skin becomes black.

The silver lining is that Poms don’t feel any pain, discomfort, or itchiness when they develop this disease.

Disease Prevention

walk your pup

If you want to ensure that your dog lives a long, disease-free life, the following tips can help:

  • Choose the best quality food for your Pomeranian. Avoid dog food with added chemicals or additives, as these can cause inflammation, skin reactions, and gastrointestinal problems
  • Walk your pup every day without exception.
  • Take your dog to the vet at least once a year. Also, if you notice any worrisome behavior or physical changes to your dog’s skin and coat, schedule an appointment immediately.
  • Ensure that your Pom gets all the necessary vaccinations and shots on time.
  • Instead of using a leash, walk your dog with a harness. Doing so will help prevent a collapsed trachea or neck injury.
  • Provide your dog with at-home dental care. Cleaning your pup’s teeth will help prevent infections and gum disease.

The Conclusion

In the end, if you’re considering buying a Teacup Pomeranian, you should definitely go for it! These tiny bundles of joy will, without a doubt, make you cherish every second you spend with them!

What’s more, if you’re a dog-lover, but don’t have a backyard, or you live in a small apartment, a Teacup Pomeranian basically doesn’t take up any room at all.

Just make sure to check the breeding information before making your purchase, and follow the tips in this guide to make your transition into a Pom-owner as smooth as possible!

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